The medical term dyslexia defines a condition that is believed by most researchers to be congenital and transmitted genetically. It is not caused by a handicap or sensory deficit. It is thought to originate in the language center of the human brain. It is not an emotional disturbance and it certainly has nothing to do with cultural influences.
The term dyslexia dates back to the 1880’s. It was first used by doctors to describe this condition which then was known as congenital word blindness.
Those who are dyslexic have trouble processing language verbally and on paper. Dyslexics have serious issues when it comes to writing, reading, spelling, and can even confuse letters, sequences and words or numbers that look similar. Many dyslexics have trouble understanding maps and directions.
Dyslexia is a lifelong disease. Research has shown that individuals who have dyslexia can eventually be successful if they are exposed to the appropriate and timely intervention. It is not a disease. It cannot be cured.
Dyslexia doesn’t go away when a person leaves school. Dyslexia continues long after school is done. It can continue throughout a person’s life when no help is available. Without proper intervention, dyslexia halts academic progress and it can even adversely affect a person’s creative productivity, their social and economic attainment, and even their mental health.